Postpartum depression is the most common and serious postpartum condition, affecting 10% to 20% of mothers within the first year of childbirth. Studies have found that up to 50% of women with PPD go undiagnosed. (Earls, MF and the Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health American Academy of Pediatrics. Incorporating Recognition and Management of Perinatal and Postpartum Depression Into Pediatric Practice. (2010). Pediatrics. 2010; 126(5):1032-1039) Postpartum depression has been shown to be more common among women who are disadvantaged and is highly prevalent (25%) in low-income, black mothers.